Andrena fucata Smith, 1847

Description and notes

Distribution

Throughout much of Britain and Ireland, the range extending as far north as East Sutherland (Golspie) and including the Isle of Man. There are no records from the Channel Islands. A north and central European species occurring from northern Fennoscandia to Turkey and the central Urals.

Status (in Britain only)

This bee is not regarded as being scarce or threatened.

Habitat

Woodland, heaths, moors and coastal dunes. Rarely abundant.

Flight period

Univoltine; mid May to mid July, exceptionally early August.

Nesting biology

The species is reported to nest solitarily (Kocourek, 1966; Dylewska, 1987; Westrich, 1989). However, R.C.L. Perkins (1919) found a small aggregation of about a dozen burrows placed close together.

Flowers visited

In addition to the forage species listed above, the bee has also been reported to visit bilberry (Vaccinium sp.), hawthorn (Crataegus sp.), plum (Prunus sp.), water-dropwort (Oenanthe sp.), wood spurge (Euphorbia amygdaloides) and yellow pimpernel (Lysimachia nemorum).

Parasites

Nomada panzeri Lepeletier is a probable cleptoparasite of this species (R.C.L.Perkins, 1919; Westrich, 1989).

Author of profile

G R Else.

Year profile last updated

2005