Colletes succinctus (Linnaeus,1758)

Synonyms

Apis fuliginosa SCOPOLI 1770; Apis invictus HARRIS 1776; Apis glutinans CUVIER 1798; Apis calendarum PANZER 1806; Colletes balteatus NYLANDER 1852; Colletes kervillei PÉREZ 1908; Andrena xanthothorax EVERSMANN 1852

 

Description and notes

  • Photo by Nick Owens
    Colletes succinctus female on heather, Kelling Heath, Norfolk, August 2011
  • Photo by Steven Falk
    Colletes succinctus female. Hartlebury Common, Worcestershire
  • Photo by Jeremy Early
    Male Colletes succinctus in flight, Reigate, Surrey
  • Photo by Louise Hislop
    Colletes succinctus female with pollen on hind scopa, landed close to nest hole. North Yorks Moors. 21/8/10
  • Photo by David W. Williams
    Colletes succinctus on Calluna, Long Mynd, Shrops, 13/08/2011
  • Photo by (C) Josef Dvorak www.biolib.cz for BWARS
    Colletes succinctus female
  • Photo by Nick Owens
    Colletes succinctus female with composite pollen, Weybourne, Norfolk, September 2011
  • Photo by Jeremy Early
    Female Colletes succinctus gathering pollen, Reigate, Surrey
  • Photo by Louise Hislop
    Colletes succinctus female with pollen on hind scopa, walking across to nest hole. North Yorks Moors. 19/8/11
  • Photo by David W. Williams
    Colletes succinctus on Calluna, Long Mynd, Shrops, 13/08/2011
  Pre 1980   1980-99   2000 and later

The following datasets are included:

  • Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society - Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society - Trial Dataset

Distribution

Widely distributed throughout Britain, occurring as far north as Sutherland, the Outer Hebrides (Barra and South Uist) and Orkney (Hoy). Known too from the Isles of Scilly, Lundy, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands (Alderney, Guernsey and Jersey). Widespread in southern Ireland. This species is found throughout much of Europe and north Africa, and in Asia, from Iran to Tibet.

Status (in Britain only)

This species is not regarded as being scarce or threatened in Britain.

Habitat

Mainly dry heaths and moorland. The species is also known from a number of coastal and other inland sites, both in Britain and Ireland, from which the main pollen sources (see below) are apparently absent. Unlike many bees, this species has been seen flying actively in dull, overcast conditions and even in a heavy shower (G R Else, pers. obs.).

Flight period

Univoltine; from mid-July to late September.

Pollen collected

Oligolectic on heather and heaths (including Cornish heath) in heathland and moorland sites. Females also collect pollen from yellow Asteraceae flowers (Perkins, 1945) and, on the Inch Peninsular, Kerry, exclusively from ragwort (Senecio jacobaea), ignoring nearby heather and heaths (C O'Toole, pers. comm.). The species was at one time found nesting at the top of the beach at Luccombe Chine, Isle of Wight: pollen collection was not observed, though heather and heaths were not seen in the vicinity (G R Else, pers. obs.).

Nesting biology

In southern Britain this species generally seems to nest singly or in small aggregations. However, in northern England and Scotland, large, compact nesting aggregations are more frequently encountered. Some of these are huge. For example, in North Yorkshire, one containing 60-80,000 nests occurred along a 100 m length of river bank (see photograph in O 'Toole & Raw (1991)). Nest architecture has been illustrated by O'Toole (1986). Winter can be passed in any of the early stages (egg to pupa), though more usually as a prepupa in diapause (C. O’Toole, pers. comm.).

Flowers visited

In common with females, males visit heather and heaths. The bee also flies to melilot (Melilotus sp.), yarrow (Achillea millefolia) (S Roberts, pers. obs.) and creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense).

Parasites

The anthophorine bee Epeolus cruciger is a well-known cleptoparasite of C. succinctus in southern Britain. The bee-fly Bombylius minor has been seen to oviposit in burrows (Payne, 1974; M. Edwards, pers. comm.), and adults have been reared from cells of C. succinctus (I R Hudson, pers. comm.). M Edwards (pers. comm.) has also seen B. minor emerging from some burrows.

Author of profile

G R Else.

Year profile last updated

Profile written: 2001

Updated: December 2011