Hylaeus pictipes Nylander,1852

Synonyms

Prosopis varipes SMITH 1853; Prosopis excisa SCHENCK 1853; Hylaeus vicinus FÖRSTER 1871; Hylaeus melanarius FÖRSTER 1871; Hylaeus claripennis FÖRSTER 1871; Hylaeus panzeri  FÖRSTER 1871; Sphex annulata PANZER 1798; Prosopis aquisgraneis DALLA TORRE 1896; Prosopis pictipes var. nigriscutum ALFKEN 1913

Distribution

Southern England and North to Shropshire. Generally, a rare species. Widely distributed in Europe, Anatolia, the Caucasus, the Middle East and North Africa (Koster 1986).

Status (in Britain only)

Not listed in Shirt (1987). Falk (1991) lists this bee as a Notable A species, now known as Nationally Scarce (Na).

Habitat

Open woodland, fens, coastal dunes and shingle, and occasionally urban gardens.

Flight period

Univoltine; mid June to late August.

Pollen collected

Polylectic, foraging from species in the families Apiaceae, Asteraceae, Boraginaceae, Campanulaceae, Liliaceae, Resedaceae and Rosaceae (Westrich 1989).

Nesting biology

Nests have been found in burrows in bramble (Rubus) and rose (Rosa) stems. Others were located in the vacated burrows of Anobium punctatum in dead gorse stems in Kent (pers. obs.).

Flowers visited

Bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), a cabbage (Brassica sp.), a crane’s-bill (Geranium sp.), hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium), a mignonette (Reseda sp.) and sheep’s-bit (Jasione montana).

Parasites

The chalcid wasp Coelopencyrtus arenarius has been reared from nests in dead gorse stems collected by G H L Dicker at Dungeness, East Kent.

Author of profile

G R Else

Year profile last updated

Proofed: January 2012