Osmia caerulescens (Linnaeus,1758)

Synonyms

Apis aenea LINNAEUS 1758; Apis superbus HARRIS 1776; Apis muraria RETZIUS 1783; Apis cuprea GEOFFROY, 1785; Andrena cupraria WALCKENAER 1802; Osmia purpurea CRESSON 1864; Osmia rustica CRESSON 1864; Osmia melanippa SPINOLA 1808; Osmia dutti COCKERELL 1922; Apis cyanea FABRICIUS 1793

Description and notes

  • Photo by Nick Owens
    Osmia caerulescens newly emerged male, Warham Camp, Norfolk, May 2012
  • Photo by Tristan Bantock
    Osmia species male. Either O. caerulecens or O. leaiana
  • Photo by Steven Falk
    Osmia caerulescens female. Avon Hill, Warwickshire
  • Photo by Jeremy Early
    Female Osmia caerulescens in flight with masticated leaves, Reigate, Surrey
  • Photo by Louise Hislop
    Osmia caerulescens female with scopa hairs under abdomen covered with yellow pollen. Wylam, Northumberland. 30/5/09
  • Photo by (C) Josef Dvorak www.biolib.cz for BWARS
    Osmia caerulescens
  • Photo by Steven Falk
    Osmia caerulescens female. Avon Hill, Warwickshire
  • Photo by Jeremy Early
    Female Osmia caerulescens in flight with masticated leaves, Reigate, Surrey
  • Photo by Louise Hislop
    Osmia caerulescens female foraging on Stachys lanata. Wylam, Northumberland. 6/16/11
  • Photo by Steven Falk
    Osmia caerulescens female. Swift Valley, Warwickshire
  Pre 1980   1980-99   2000 and later

The following datasets are included:

  • Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society - Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society - Trial Dataset

Distribution

Widely distributed in England and Wales as far north as Westmorland. Locally common but rarely abundant. Not known from Ireland or the Channel Islands. An Holarctic species, occurring throughout much of Europe from southern Fennoscandia southwards to the Mediterranean, and east to Greece. Also North Africa, central Asia, and North America.

Habitat

Occurs both on the coast and inland, including woodland and private gardens.

Flight period

Apparently bivoltine in Britain, flying from mid April or May to late July, and again in August. Saunders (1877) collected a male in West Sussex in late October (though this may have been either prematurely developed, or a very late emergence). Regularly bivoltine in France (Tasei 1972) and partly so in The Netherlands (Peeters, Raemakers & Smit 1999).

Pollen collected

Polylectic, visiting species in the families Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Lamiaceae (see Tasei 1972; Raw 1974; Peeters, Raemakers & Smit 1999).

Nesting biology

Nests are constructed within existing cavities, including insect exit burrows in dead wood, crevices in masonry, and trap-nests designed as nesting sites for various bees and wasps (see Krombein 1969; Free & Williams 1970; Raw 1974; O'Toole 2001). Cell partitions and the closing plug are manufactured from masticated leaf sections (leaf mastic). The winter is spent as diapausing adults within their intact cocoons. Nests and life-history are described by Grandi (1961), Krombein (1967), and Westrich (1989).

Flowers visited

Included are: bird's-foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), cat-mint (Nepeta cataria), common knapweed (Centaurea nigra), germander speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys), ground-ivy (Glechoma hederacea), smooth hawk's-beard (Crepis capillaris) and snapdragon (Antirrhinum sp.).

Parasites

Occupied cocoons of the sapygiid wasp Sapyga quinquepunctata have been recovered from a nest of O. caerulescens (Hallett 1920, 1928). There are British specimens of this wasp in the NHML which were reared from a nest of this bee.

Author of profile

G R Else.

Year profile last updated

2005.

(Website text proofed: February 2012)