Pseudomalus violaceus (Scopoli,1763)

Description and notes

Previously known as Omalus violaceus. Identification keys and general biology are given in Spooner (1954), Morgan (1984), Falk (1991) and Kunz (1994).

Distribution

Scarce, from South Devon to Kent, and north to North-east Yorkshire.

Overseas, the wasp occurs in Europe (including Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary) and Asia (including Manchuria and Siberia).

Status in Britain and Ireland

This species was regarded as being Notable B (now Scarce B) by Falk (1991).

Habitat

Often associated with gardens and habitats with dead wood including lowland heathland, coastal sand dunes, lowland wood pasture and parkland, fen marsh and swamp, and lowland dry acid grassland.

Flight period

Usually June to August, sometimes May, rarely April and September.

Flowers visited

Great burnet.

Parasites

No specific information found.

Parasitic biology

This species is a parasitoid of the larvae of small aerial-nesting crabonid wasps including Pemphredon lugubris and Passaloecus corniger.

Author of profile

M E Archer.