Trypoxylon attenuatum Smith,1851

Description and notes

A small, black, very thin solitary wasp. Identification keys are given in Yeo & Corbet (1995), Lomholdt (1984) and Richards (1980).

Distribution

A widely distributed species recorded from much of Britain, including the Scilly Isles and the Channel Islands. There is a single record from Ireland.

Overseas, recorded from Europe, North Africa and much of Asia and has been introduced into North America (Antropov, 2002).

Status (in Britain only)

This species is not regarded as being scarce or threatened.

Habitat

Has been recorded from a variety of habitats including woodland, parkland, gravel pits, sandy sites, chalk grassland and heathland.

Flight period

On the wing between mid-May and mid-September.

Prey collected

Nest burrows are stocked with small spiders such as Tetragnatha (Tetragnathidae) (Lomholdt, 1984).

Nesting biology

Nests are constructed in pre-existing cavities. Richards (1980) gives a generalised overview of Trypoxylon nesting sites such as “Anobium burrows, cut stems, hollow roots, rarely in small holes in vertical earth-faces”, but T. attenuatum seems to nest “exclusively in hollow plant stems” (Lomholdt, 1984). Nests are constructed in cavities 2-4 mm in diameter (Tormos et al., 2005).

Flowers visited

No data available.

Parasites

Parasites recorded include the chrysidid wasps Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus) and Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus) (Morgan, 1984). Lomholdt (1984) adds the non-British Pseudomalus [as Omalus] pusillus (Fabricius), together with the eurytomid wasp Eurytoma rubicola Giraud and the sarcophagid fly Amobia [as Pachyophthalmus] signata (Meigen).

Author of profile

M N Smith

Year profile last updated

2012