Myrmica specioides Bondroit, 1918

Description and notes

Myrmica specioides is a red ant similar in appearance to others of its genus. It has a scape sharply angled at the base and is most likely to be confused with M. scabrinodis. It can be distinguished in the females and workers by the shape of its post-petiole and the angle of its scape (see Attewell 2006) and in the males which have a shorter scape than M. scabrinodis. There is some controversy over the name of this species with some authors using the name M. bessarabica Nasonov.



Modern records are predominantly from coastal sites: East Sussex, Kent, Essex, East Suffolk and East Norfolk.

Western and central Europe, northern part of the Balkan peninsula (Czechowski et al., 2002).


Status (in Britain only)

Listed as Rare (RDB3) in both Shirt (1987) and Falk (1991).




Warm, dry, sunny situations with sparse vegetation. Coastal south facing slopes and sand dunes are favoured. Has been found in suitable post industrial sites.


Flight period

Alates have been recorded from late July to Early September.

Foraging behaviour

The most aggressive of the Myrmicas, they prey on workers and brood of weaker Lasius species especially Lasius flavus (Fabricius). They will sting readily.


Nesting biology

Nest occur in coastal sand and gravel banks and have a simple entrance hole. Colonies can comprise 100 to 2,500 workers and one or several queens.



No data available.


Author of profile

M G Fox


Year profile last updated