Sphecodes subquadratus SMITH 1845; Sphecodes maculatus LEPELETIER 1841; Sphecodes gibbus ephippium incertus SICHEL 1865; Sphecodes gibbus ephippium nigrescens SICHEL 1865; Sphecodes gibbus ephippium testaceipes SICHEL 1865; Sphecodes gibbus ephippium subvar. rufipes SICHEL 1865, nec Smith 1853; Sphecodes gibbus ephippium subquadratus subvar. dubius SICHEL 1865; Sphecodes ruficrus DALLA TORRE 1896, nec Erichson 1835; Sphecodes hanuman NURSE 1903; Sphecodes caucasicus ssp. cephalotes MEYER 1920; Sphecodes monilicornis nigerrima BLÜTHGEN 1927; Sphecodes quadratus ssp. cephalotiformis PITTIONI 1950; Sphecodes smyrnaensis MEYER 1920
Found throughout Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly and the Channel Islands.
A Palaearctic species, known from Europe as far north as central Finland; also found in central Asia and North Africa (S Roberts, pers. comm.).
Status (in Britain only)
This species is not regarded as scarce or threatened.
Found in a wide variety of habitats, including heaths, calcareous grassland, woodland edges and gardens.
A univoltine species. The female flies from mid April to early October and the male, late June to early October.
As this bee is a cleptoparasite, no pollen is collected.
It parasitises Halictus rubicundus (Christ), and Lasioglossum species such as malachurum (Kirby), albipes (Fabricius), calceatum (Scopoli), laticeps (Schenck), xanthopus (Kirby) and zonulum (Smith).
The bee visits a variety of plant families in Britain, for nectar only: Asteraceae, Apiaceae, Rosaceae, Campanulaceae and Euphorbaceae.
No data available.
Year profile last updated