Mimesa lutaria (Fabricius,1787)

Synonyms

Mimesa basirufa PACKARD 1867; Mimesa bicolor misident.; Psen dispar GUSSAKOVSKIJ 1937; Mimesa mallochi FINNMORE 1980; Mimesa nebrascensis SMITH 1908; Mimesa shuckardi WESMAEL 1852

Description and notes

A small, ground nesting red and black solitary wasp. Identification keys are given in Richards (1980) (as Psen lutarius), Lomholdt (1984) (as Mimesa lutaria) and Yeo & Corbet (1995) (as Psen lutarius).

Distribution

Widely recorded from scattered localities in southern Britain and north to south Yorkshire.

Overseas found widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia through to Japan.

Status in Britain and Ireland

Not listed in Shirt (1987) or Falk (1991). The current distribution map suggests that its status should be revised.

Habitat

Found in a range of open habitats with light soils such as heathland; occasionally recorded from coastal dunes.

Flight period

Univoltine; June to September.

Prey collected

Nest burrows are stocked with a range of small homopteran bugs, usually leafhoppers of the family Cicadellidae.

Nesting biology

Nests are dug in sandy soil in warm, sheltered situations, with nesting often occurring in small aggregations. Nests consist of a single deep vertical burrow of between 40-50cm in length, with smaller galleries ending in nesting chambers radiating from the lower part of the burrow (Lomholdt 1984).

Flowers visited

None recorded.

Parasites

None recorded from Britain. In Fennoscandia, Lomholdt cites the non-British chrysid wasp Omalus constrictus as a parasite.

Parasites and commensals

2005

Author of profile

M Smith.