In western Europe, these include bloody crane’s-bill (Geranium sanguineum), bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), bugle (Ajuga reptans), bush vetch (Vicia sepium), comfrey (Symphytum spp.), common bird’s-foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), early-purple orchid (Orchis mascula), heather (Erica sp.), heath milkwort (Polygala serpyllifolia), kidney vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria), lucerne (Medicago sativa), narrow-leaved everlasting-pea (Lathyrus sylvestris), radish (Raphanus spp.), red clover (Trifolium pratense), tuberous pea (Lathyrus tuberosus), white clover (Trifolium repens), meadow vetchling (Lathyrus pratensis). Bees also visit Boraginaceae, Lamiaceae and Liliaceae (Móczár 1954). On mainland Europe, the males of this bee are occasional pollinators of the bee orchid (Ophrys apifera) and late spider orchid (Ophrys fuciflora)(Kullenberg, Buel & Tkalcu 1984). The bees mistake the flowers for their own species and attempt to couple, the labellum of the flower acting as a copulatory dummy.