Hylaeus incongruus Forster, 1871

Description and notes

Previously Hylaeus gibbus (Saunders,1850). This species was considered by Warncke (1970) as being a subspecies of H. confusus but, morphologically, the males of each species are abundantly distinct from each other and most other authors recognise them as separate species. Sometimes both species fly together.


Confined to southern England. Generally a rare bee, though occasionally numerous in favoured heathland sites. Widely distributed throughout much of Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus, and northern Morocco (Koster 1986).

Status (in Britain only)

Given as Rare (RDB 3) in Shirt (1987) and by Falk (1991).


In Britain, most records are from heathlands, especially in areas close to scrub or scattered trees, but it has additionally been found in open deciduous woodland (pers. obs.).

Flight period

Univoltine; June to August.

Pollen collected

Polylectic. Females forage from plants in the families Apiaceae, Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Campanulaceae, Fabaceae, Resedaceae and Rosaceae (Westrich 1989).

Nesting biology

Females have been observed entering burrows in dead wood lying on the ground (pers. obs.). In the Natural History Museum, London, there are specimens of H. dilatatus reared from a dead common reed stem collected in Austria. In France, it is reported to nest in dead bramble stems (Benoist 1959).

Flowers visited

Bramble (Rubus fruticosus agg.), dandelion (Taraxacum sp.) species, hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium), tormentil (Potentilla erecta), wild angelica (Angelica sylvestris) and wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa).


None known.

Author of profile

G R Else.